The Champion Wagon Company dates to 1888 when it was re-organized from the original firm going by the name of Gere, Truman, Platt & Company. Both firms built the same basic “Champion Wagon” with the unique steering system. In this design, both the front and rear axles have several important features. First, the front axle is engineered to allow only the wheels to turn while the axle remains fixed. It’s a technology that was truly distinctive on a farm style wagon and an idea that early automobiles capitalized on. However, with multiple patents on similar wagon and carriage technology dating at least as early as the mid 1850’s and 60’s, the roots of this system are firmly fixed in the horse drawn era.
One big advantage to this ‘auto-steer’ design is that it provides a more stable foundation for the box and load since the front axle and bolster are always aligned and in the same position, fully supporting the width of the box. The design was also touted as one that turns easier and tighter while simultaneously helping reduce the effects of the tongue whipping and jerking the horses on rough terrain. Also mimicked by early automobiles, both sets of bolsters and axles are equipped with coil-style springs to help dampen the shock of rough roads and uneven terrain.*
The Champion Wagon Co, of Owego, NY, was well-known for its patented sprung wagon axles of 1889 (above). Their logo was ‘The Champion Wagon is the Horse’s Friend.’ The company was initially founded in 1888 (previously Gere, Truman, Platt & Co), and started manufacturing self-propelled electric commercial vehicles in 1902. In 1905 they marketed some smart-looking electric delivery vans and depot hacks. With the introduction of the Model T they started a series of small trucks built on Ford Model T chassis. In 1916 they offered a limited number of funeral coaches on chassis from Studebaker, Overland and Cadillac. A bankruptcy in 1913 and a bail-out in 1919 sealed their fate and the doors closed permanently in 1921.
The names of juvenile coaster wagons reflected those of leading adult size wagons and automobiles of the day. This coaster wagon is very well made, with dovetailed joints, cast fittings and steel-banded wooden wheels. In common with early wagons, the axles are wooden rather than steel; both styles of axles were advertised by 1895. It is made in the style of the Champion horse wagon, rather than one of the new-fangled horseless carriages, which suggests pre-1900 manufacture.
I’ve seen similar dovetailed joints on other coaster wagons of the 1880s-1890s; I’ve been searching through catalogue illustrations of other companies of the era, but I’ve yet to find any with the same unique cast fitting on this example that joins the handle to the front axle, which could help to identify its manufacturer. I’ll update this page if I find further information.
1895 Champion Coaster Wagon
12″ Front Wheels
16″ Rear Wheels
THE 1889 CHAMPION FARM WAGON CATALOGUE